Please post your questions to Blackboard "Discussion Forum"
by the Sunday evening BEFORE the in-class discussion. For
example, for Week 1, you would complete the readings sometime
between Jan. 12 - 15, post your questions by the evening of Jan. 15,
and participate in online forum between Jan. 15 and class on Jan. 18.

First Class
(Jan.11): Intro to the "Issues" class.

What was big in 2016?

Video in class: Modern Television by Phil Patiris.

Week 1
(Jan. 12 – 18): The Purposes of Art and the Responsibilities of the Artist

Greenberg, Clement, "Modernist Painting" (1965)

The Animated Theories of Clement Greenberg (created in 2011 by Judith Shimer)

Gablik, Suzie, “Beyond the Disciplines: Art Without Borders” (2004)

Collins, Tim, “Thoughts on Strategic Action” (2004)

Gomez-Pena, Guillermo, “The Virtual Barrio @ The Other Frontier (2002)
In Electronic Media and Technoculture, John Caldwell, ed. New Brunswick: Rutgers, 2000, pp. 295-308

Plato, "Allegory of the Cave," Republic

Video in class: Maya Lin – A Strong Clear Vision (excerpt)

Week 2
(Jan. 19 -25): The Semiotics of Pop

Additional lectures/events:
TJ Demos, Grant Street Studios, 7 pm, January 26, 2017

Video in class:
Hughes, Robert, Culture as Nature.


Pop Art: A Brief History (MOMA).

Rauschenberg: Factum I / Factum II

Oldenburg: Statement

Lawrence Alloway: The Arts and Mass Media (1958)

Marshall McLuhan: Playboy Interview (1969)

Roland Barthes: Mythologies (1957). Pick out ONE essay (if you are an undergrad) TWO essays (if you are a grad) and be prepared to discuss (pages 15 – 103). Also, read pages 110 - 119; 127 – 130. Try to arrive a clear definition of "sign" and "signifier."

Benjamin, Walter, "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," Illuminations, 1935/1969.


Pop Art Overview (Saylor):

Rose, Barbara, "Pop Art," Encounters (August 1965)

The story behind Jasper Johns's Beer Cans.

Highly motivated students: You may want to dive further into the history and multiple manifestations of “semiotics.” A good starting point is the Wikipedia article here on Roland Barthes: Reading the full text at the end of Barthes’s Mythologies (pp. 106 – 164) would also be helpful. Finally, diving a bit deeper into the sources for the individual essays in Mythologies could be the basis for a short paper or even your semester research project. For example, Barthes's essay from the anthology, "The Great Family of Man" (based on Edward Steichen's famous traveling exhibition of photographs, The Family of Man), might be examined with respect to the overall "myths" espoused by the Exhibit...and whether or not you feel Barthes's critical assessment has merit.

All: Be prepared to discuss the image below.


Week 3
(Jan. 26 – Feb. 1): Minimal, Post-Minimal, Process, and Conceptual Art

Additional lectures/events:
TJ Demos, Grant Street Studios, 7 pm, January 26, 2017

Judd, Donald, “Specific Objects,” Arts Yearbook 8, 1965.

Lewitt, Sol, “ Sentences on Conceptual Art,” 1966.

Morris, Robert, Notes on Sculpture (parts I and II), Art Forum, 1966.

Kosuth, Joseph, “Art After Philosophy,” 1969.

Kaprow, Allan, Essays on the Blurring of Art and Life (Written1958-1979. Anthologized in 1993). Read pp. 163 - 180. "Non-Theatrical Performance" (1976). [If you're pressed for time, read 175 - 180.]

A Brief History of John Baldessari (2012. Narrated by Tom Waits)


Morris, Robert, “Anti-Form,” Artforum, 1968.

Fried, Michael, Art and Objecthood, "Art and Objecthood" (1967), 1998.

Lippard, Lucy, “Escape Attempts,” Six Years: The Dematerialization of the Art Object from 1966 – 1972.

John Baldessari, The Pencil Story, 1972 - 73.

Week 4
(Feb. 2 – Feb. 8): Beyond the White Cube – Earth Art, Environmental Art, Public Art, Community-based Strategies

Guest Artist: Laurie Lundquist, Public Art

Feb. 8: Field Trip -- James Turrell’s “Air Apparent” on the east side of ASU campus.

Earth Art (Land Art): Overview

Burnham, Jack, “Systems Esthetics,” ArtForum, September 1968

Smithson, Robert, "A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects," ArtForum, September 1968

Harrison, Helen and Newton, The Harrison Studio

Matt Moore: Personal Website –

James Turrell, "Roden Crater"

Smithson, Robert:

Ratcliff, Carter, “A Heap of Smithson,” Art in America, October 2005.

Fuller, R. Buckminster, Operating Manual for a Spaceship Earth, 1968 (pp. 1 - 23, Sections I - 4). Tho' it's so great you might read the whole thing!

Fuller, R. Buckminster: Lightweight video overview:

Fuller, R. Buckminster: The Buckminster Fuller Challenge 2008

Lundquist, Laurie: Civic Art

Week 5
(Feb. 9 – Feb. 15): Body Art

Video in class: Chris Burden

Performance Art: Overview Since 1910” (Read first for context)

Jones, Amelia (1998). Body Art: Performing the Subject (dense theory piece)

Zhang Huan: Essay on Chinese body artist by Eleanor Heartney (2007)
(first watch the video clip under "Individual Artists")

Documentation of Individual Artists

Vito Acconci: Seedbed, 1972 (caution: this work may be offensive to some due to its sexual content)

Chris Burden

Chris Burden: Shoot

Ulay / Abramovic: Relation in Time

Yoko Ono: Cut Piece (1965)

Tehching “ Sam” Hsieh

Tehching Hsieh: Time Clock (videos)

William Wegman: Deodorant, 1972 (video)

Zhang Huan: Altered States (2007)

Pyotr Pavlensky (2016)

Ulay and Abramovic, Relation in Time, 17 hours, 1977

Week 6
(Feb. 16 – Feb. 22): Performance: Character, Transformation, the "theatrical"

Viegener, Matias, “Identity Theft: Eleanor Antin, Lynn Hershman, Suzy Lake, 1972-1978,” X-TRA, Contemporary Art Quarterly, Winter 2008, Volume 10, Number 2

Deak, Frantisek, “The Use of Character in Artistic Performance,” Dumb Ox, Allan Kaprow, ed., #10/11, Spring 1980

Antin, Eleanor: Antinova Remembers (4:12 .mpg)

Laurie Anderson: “Difficult Listening Hour”

Cindy Sherman: Doll Clothes (1975)


Antin, Eleanor, “Notes on Transformation,” Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art, Kristen Stiles and Peter Selz, eds., 1996

Artaud, Antonin: Overview in Wikipedia

Artaud, Antonin: The Theater and Its Double, excerpt (1938)
The Theater and Cruelty

Suzanne Lacy: The Women's Building (History)

Suzanne Lacy: Crystal Quilt performance exerpt

Fisher_Lichte, Erika, “The Emergence of Meaning,” Transformative Power of Performance, 2008 (pp. 147 – 160)

Ant Farm: “The Eternal Frame”

Matthew Barney: Cremaster Cycle (1994 –i i 2002)

Adrienne Truscott (Wau Wau Sisters). Reappropriating the Rape Joke (2015)

Week 7
(Feb. 23 - March 1): Paper/Project presentations.
March 2 - 15. Do readings in preparation for Video unit on March 15th. Develop proposal for Second project/paper and your Final research project.

Week 8
(Mar. 6 - 10): SPRING BREAK

Week 9
(March 11 - 15): Video

Special guest: Peter d'Agostino. Professor of Film and Media Arts at Temple University and video pioneer.
See links to his work here:

Timeline (1864-2011):

Horsfield, Kate, Busting the Tube: A Brief History of Video Art (2006)

Hugetz, Ed, "Experimental Video" (Overview of the field posted in 2005)

Kurtz, Bruce, “Video is Being Invented” (1973)

Collins, Dan, “Taka Iimura: Electronic Linguistics” (1980)

Taka Iimura videos:

Making An Audience (2006 - 2013):

Furlong, Lucinda, "Tracking Video Art: ‘Image Processing’ as a Genre” (1985)

Ekim, Berna, "A Video Projection Mapping Conceptual Design and Application: Yekpare" (2011) (Series of short videos illustrating recent work in the area of video projection)


Overview of early Video: From Portapak to Camcorder

In the news:

Citizens' Videos Raise Questions on Police Claims. NY Times, April 9, 2015 (video) (Video Selfies documenting tensions between Palestinians and Israelis)

Documentary Video

Citizenfour, trailer (video on Edward Snowden by Laura Poitras)

Citizenfour -- PBS interview with filmmaker Laura Poitras and journalist Glenn Gould

Vice. Huge range of documentary video online.

Experimental Film & Video

Hoberman, J., Valley of the Cult Heroines, NY Times, Oct. 23, 2016

Peter d'Agostino

Mika Rottenberg

Bill Viola (interview):

Week 10
(March 16 – March 22): Expanding the Discourse (Volume I, Feminist Art)
Guest artist: Malena Barnhart
The Suffrage Movement (culminating the the vote for women in 1920)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Equal Rights Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment in Arizona (most recent legislation March 10, 2015!)
Gender versus Sexuality Definitions
Essentialism (Wikipedia)
Feminist Art: Overview
Feminist Art: 3rd Wave (pp. 1 - 7)
Feminism: A Fourth Wave?
Judy Chicago: "The Breakfast That Preceded 'The Dinner Party'" (NY Times, April 11, 2014)
Rebecca Walker, Becoming the Third Wave
Third Wave Video Art: Sarcastic and Serious
What is Third Wave Feminist Art?
Laura Mulvey, Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema (1975)
Alicia Ross
Lauren McCarthy
Molly Crabapple (Read this, then read Laura Mulvey above)
La Performera
Tracy and the plastics.
Pussy Riot (See YouTube clips below)
Micha Cardenas (transgendered)
Adriene Truscott.
Malena Barnhart.
Video clips shared:

EXHIBITIONS (online and in the world)
Bad Girls (1994)
Alien She (2013-2014)
(en)Gendered (in)Equity: The Gallery Tally Poster Project (2014)
Wikipedia: WikiProject Women artists
WACK. Exhibition at MoCA (Los Angeles) Important in terms of 2nd wave fem.
Revolution in the Making: Abstract Sculpture by Women, 1947-2016. Exhibition at Hauser, Wirth & Schimmel Gallery (Los Angeles) that provides an overview of Feminist Sculpture.
Also – they have a video compendium over at West (too late for tonight’s class) of 1980/90s feminist video art
Scream (trailer)
This is the first of three movies discussed in the 3rd wave article above (pp. 7 - 16
Goldiblox (the latest viral video)
Barbie on the cover of Sports Illustrated
Bechdel Test (1985) (2009) (2012 update looks at 2011 Oscars)
Background on Riot Grrrl
Bikini Kill no. 2, circa 1991. The Kathleen Hanna Papers.
[Bikini Kill, led by Kathleen Hanna, released their last album in 1996]
Bikini Kill Biographical Info.
The Punk Singer- Kathleen Hanna Documentary w. Dir. Sini Anderson. (trailer) (full movie)
Bikini Kill clips
Rebel Girl (over Maoist propaganda films).
Rebel Girl (club performance by Kathleen Hanna and Bikini Kill)

Pussy Riot clips
Women and Gaming
Women and the Internet
Feminism in the News
How a Fractious Womens Movement Came to Lead the Left. New York Times, Feb. 7, 2017
What to Ask a Celebrity Instead of Are you a Feminist? NY times, Feb. 26, 2017
Steinem, Gloria (March 12, 2017). Women Get 'Chick Flicks.' What About Men? New York Times.

Week 11

(Mar. 23 – March 29): Expanding the Discourse (Vol. II - Indigenous Voices)

March 29: Visiting artist -- Cristobal Martinez (Postcommodity)

March 23. 7 pm: Lecture by Linda Hogan (Chickasaw), Poet, Novelist, and Essayist, Tishomingo, Oklahoma
Heard Museum, 2301 N. Central Avenue (Central & Encanto), Phoenix, AZ 85004


James Luna, Artifact Piece, performance, San Diego Museum of Man, 1986


Cole, Karen, Bob Haozous: Unshackled Visions, Santa Fe One Heart, Sept – Oct. 2010. (currently unavailable. Stay tuned
Interview with Bob Haozous

Fisher, Jean. "In Search of the ‘Inauthentic’: Disturbing Signs in Contemporary Native American Art." Art Journal 51, no. 3 (1992): 44-50.


James Luna: Take a Picture with a Real Indian

Edgar Heap of Birds: Discussion of his work at the Venice Biennale in 2007

Jimmie Durham

Kade Twist: Interview (Remix Exhibition at the Heard Museum)


The Simon Ortiz and Labriola Center Lecture on Indigenous Land, Culture, and Community

Contemporary Native Artists

Institute for American Indian Art

National Museum of the American Indian

Edgar Heap of Birds

Jaune Quick-to-See Smith:

Kade Twist - Semiotic Warfare:

Bob Haozous

Radio Healer (Cristobal Martinez and Company)

Week 12
March 30 - April 5): Art, Science, and Technology (TBD based on visiting lecturer)


Wilson, Stephen, “Art and Science as Cultural Acts,” Information Technology, pp. 1 - 33 (2002)


Collins, Dan, "Digital Somatics" (1996)

Collins, Dan, “Breeding the Evolutionary” (2002)

Kac, Eduardo, “Transgenic Art” (1998)


Eduardo Kac, GFP Bunny, 2000

Stelarc, YouTube clips

Kuhn, Thomas, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (famous book about paradigm shifts). See in particular pages 111 - 135.

References for further study:

STEAM education (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math)
Nettrice Gaskins (African American Women with ties to art, technology, and education)
Rich Gold - Xerox Research Park
John Seely Brown
Bell Labs -- Lillian Schwartz, Ken Noltan (recumbant nudes)
E.A.T. (Billy Kluver). Demise of EAT. Pepsi sued artists.
Art and Technology Exhibition -- LA County MOMA. Unwieldy show with ONLY men.
Nine Evenings of the Armory
Wood and Steina Vasulka -- Audio/Synthesis
Center for Advanced Visual Studies (George Kypas, Otto Piene -- MIT)
Center for Creative Inquiry (Carnegie Mellon, Lowry Burgess, Tim Collins)
Cybernetic Serendipity
Secret Life of Plants (John Lifton).
InfoZONE (Richard Lowenberg, Telluride, CO)
Pauline, Mark, "Interview"
Sheets, Hilarie (March 6, 2016), "Science Embraces a New Chaos Theory," NY Times. [direct link to online article]


“Sandcastle No. 3,” drawn on a single grain of sand, part of a Vik Muniz series from 2013.

Credit: Vik Muniz, via Sikkema, Jenkins & Co.

Week 13
(April 6 – April 12): 2nd personal research project/paper due. Presentations in class.
New Media (Social media, Interactivity, and Participatory Practices)

Shanken, Edward, “Telematic Embrace…”

Noah Wardrip-Fruin: Expressive Processing (Introduction)

Lev Manovich, “Real-Time Theory”

Optional (by our former Director, Adriene Jenik).
Jenik, A. & Lewison, S. (2001). Desktop theater. Drama review 43, 3. New York University and The Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Jenik, A. & Lewison, S. (2009). Moving in place: The question of distributed social cinema. In P. Harrigan, P. & N. Wardrip-Fruin (Eds.), Third person. Boston, MA: MIT Press.

Other references:

Dibbell, J (1993). A rape in cyberspace. The Village Voice, 36-42.

Malloy, Judy (2016).

Another more recent article that puts that article into a more contemporary context among other social behaviors that happen online:


Hole in Space

Jeffrey Shaw “The Virtual Museum” (1992)

Networked performance:


Hacker Quarterly

Some random references for further study...

Precursor project to Kit Galloway (1976-77). N. and S. Korea Hole in Space project that connected via satellite window (emotionally charged virtual connection -- inspiration for Hole in Space).

Sherrie Rabinowitz (Optic Nerve...mostly radical documentary work. then went to Paris and Kit Galloway).

Room in Berkeley. House of Michael Rothman free speech movement. Errol Morris also in house. apprenticing on film with Werner Herzog. (Les Blank made film of Werner Herzog eating his shoes...also One Garlic Is Worth Two Good Mothers

Carolee Schneeman (Interior Scroll...1977 in Telluride)

Hole in Space (Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz). NASA/Ames/Goddard Satellite upload, Maryland , CTS project (also Satellite Arts Project -- Arch Diocese Menlo Park, CA...educational facility)
Paul DeMarinis (Science). Exploratorium. Stanford University.
Andrea Halprin. Lawrences wife. Choreographer.
Biotelemetry (unencumbered...secret life of plants)
Keith Sonnier, Lowenberg, Willoughy Sharp (Avalanche)
Gary Lloyd (telefax performance). Include Dan's essay on "Real Time is the Only Time" (Artweek, early 80s, L.A.)?
Robert Adrian (early European tele projects)
Roy Ascott
Tom Sherman (Canadian)
Don Foresta (Paris/American Satellite work)
Theodore Kheel (labor negotiation) Automation House (near Hunter College) David Rosenboom, Lowenberg
Frank Odasz (Wyoming -- connected one room school house network. Czech + indigenous)
Judy Malloy -- hypertexts. Early adopter. The Well in Berkeley.
Dave Hughes (Colorado Springs). Cursor cowboy. EFF Electronic Frontiers Foundations award). Duane Hendricks black man from Detroit..met Bucky Fuller assistants. Champion wireless communication. Google hang-out with Dave, Richard, Duane (now at Institute of the Future in Palo Alto). NSF contracts created Mongolia in Island cultures...available on YouTube. Now 86 years old. Base camp wireless on Everest at age 75.

1942 Heddy Lamar (Czech/Austrian) swimming naked 1930s-40s. Sam Goldwyn. Married to a German industrialist ...then composer George Antille...American composer collaborated. Ballet Mechanique with Leger. Antille did the score. Patent in 1942 "frequency hopping" for message encryption (basis for wifi)

Week 14
(Apr. 13 – 19)
Visiting artist, Laurie Lundquist. Site specific and Public Art.
Video: Never Sorry. Ai Wei Wei. Watch in class.

note: We will watch the documentary video, Never Sorry, by American documentarian, Alison Klayman.

From 2008 to 2010, Beijing-based journalist and filmmaker Alison Klayman gained unprecedented access to internationally renowned Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei. Klayman documented Ai's artistic process in preparation for major museum exhibitions, his intimate exchanges with family members and his increasingly public clashes with the Chinese government. Klayman's detailed portrait of the artist provides a nuanced exploration of contemporary China and one of its most compelling public figures.

Week 15

(Apr. 20 – 26): TBD. Let's decide the topic -- Gaming or Sound Art?

Week 16
(May 3): No readings. Prepare to present your final project to class

Final Presentations (as per final exam schedule): Wednesday, May 3, 4:50 - 6:40 PM (or until finished)


Art, Activism, and Geo-Politics (the work of Chinese dissident artist, Ai Weiwei)

Do the readings and watch the videos. Pick out one piece from Ai Weiwei's career (from Wikipedia or elsewhere) to discuss in the BB Forum.


Salmon Rushdie, Dangerous Arts

Roberta Smith, A Provacateur's Medium: Outrage, NY Times, April 17, 2014. (See also slide show and short embedded video).

Simone Hancox, Art, activism and the geopolitical imagination: Ai Weiwei’s‘ Sunflower Seeds. (See video below entitled "Sunflower Seeds" before reading)


Ai Weiwei (personal website)

Ai Weiwei (wikipedia entry)


PBS Newshour: Art, China, and Censorship According to Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei: Sunflower Seeds

note: We will be watching in class in its entirety the documentary video, Never Sorry, by American documentarian, Alison Klayman.
From 2008 to 2010, Beijing-based journalist and filmmaker Alison Klayman gained unprecedented access to internationally renowned Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei. Klayman documented Ai's artistic process in preparation for major museum exhibitions, his intimate exchanges with family members and his increasingly public clashes with the Chinese government. Klayman's detailed portrait of the artist provides a nuanced exploration of contemporary China and one of its most compelling public figures.


Experimental Music (Wikipedia)

Sound Art (Wikipedia)


Cage, John, Silence (1961)
Kahn, Doug, The Wireless Imagination (Intro)
Kahn, Doug, "Noises," The Wireless Imagination (Chapter 35)
Weiss, Allen (ed.), Experimental Sound and Radio (2001)
Pinder, David, "Ghostly Footsteps: Voices, Memories and Walks in the City" (2001) [the sound walks of Janet Cardiff]
LaBelle, Brandon, Other Acoustics (2009) [discussion of sound and architecture]
Byrne, David, Playing the Building (2005)

Virtual Reality


Sam Anderson, Just One More Game... (NY Times, April 4, 2012)

Laura Parker, Not Just Playing Around Any More (NY Times, April 21, 2014)

Janet Murray, Toward a Cultural Theory of Gaming (2006)

Readings (optional)

Elizabeth Hayes, Women, Videogames, and Learning (2004)

Marian Carr (Review), Women & Gaming by James Gee & Elizabeth Hayes (2010)

Lev Manovich, New Media ("Navigation," pp. 213 - 243)

Birgitte Holm Sørensen & Bente Meyer, Serious Games (2007)

Videos (optional):

Yale Course in Game Theory

Jonathan Blow (rec. by Don Vance)

Image/text (rec. by Don Vance)

Eterna. Online video game for researching RNA

Rose, Frank, The Mission to Save Vanishing Pixels, NY Times, Oct. 23, 2016


Link to the class list (2014 & 2016)